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Database quality assessment for interactive learning: Application to occupancy estimation

Abstract : Data quality assesment is a key component for many real applications, since it can drive better modelling. In this work a methodology to asses data quality (Qscore) is proposed and discussed. The validation of Qscore is performed via an interactive learning experiment related to occupancy estimation. Interactive learning has been shown to be crucial to consider and integrate occupant behavior in smart buildings. Indeed, valuable feedback and information can be collected from the occupants by involving them and by improving their consciousness about energy management systems. Users should feel involved to keep developing highly energy-efficient buildings. To reach this goal, occupants should be aware of the building features to feel more in control. This paper proposes a framework to interact with occupants to estimate building occupancy. This framework is based on an enhanced supervised learning approach that involves interaction with occupants, when necessary, to keep collecting training data. The training data consist of the measurements (i.e. features) collected from common sensors, for instance, motion detection, power consumption, and CO2 concentration, and the label (i.e. number of occupants) provided by the occupants during interactions. The considered learning machine in our experiments is the Multi-layer Perceptron regressor (MLP), although other approaches could be easily integrated within the proposed framework. In order to avoid useless interaction with users a new concept is introduced, called spread rate, to measure the quality of the data to decide if an interaction with the user is necessary or not. Extensive simulations have shown the merits of the proposed approach. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 7, 2021 - 10:09:28 AM
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Manar Amayri, Stéphane Ploix, Nizar Bouguila, Frederic Wurtz. Database quality assessment for interactive learning: Application to occupancy estimation. Energy and Buildings, Elsevier, 2020, 209, pp.109578. ⟨10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.109578⟩. ⟨hal-03260257⟩

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