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On-sky results for adaptive optics control with data-driven models on low-order modes

Abstract : Dedicated tip-tilt loops are commonly implemented on adaptive optics (AO) systems. In addition, a number of recent high-performance systems feature tip-tilt controllers that are more efficient than the integral action controller. In this context, linear-quadratic-Gaussian (LQG) tip-tilt regulators based on stochastic models identified from AO telemetry have demonstrated their capacity to effectively compensate for the cumulated effects of atmospheric disturbance, windshake and vibrations. These tip-tilt LQG regulators can also be periodically retuned during AO operations, thus allowing to track changes in the disturbances' temporal dynamics. This paper investigates the potential benefit of extending the number of low-order modes to be controlled using models identified from AO telemetry. The global stochastic dynamical model of a chosen number of turbulent low-order modes is identified through data-driven modelling from wavefront sensor measurements. The remaining higher modes are modelled using priors with autoregressive models of order 2. The loop is then globally controlled using the optimal LQG regulator build from all these models. Our control strategy allows for combining a dedicated tip-tilt loop with a deformable mirror that corrects for the remaining low-order modes and for the higher orders altogether, without resorting to mode decoupling. Performance results are obtained through evaluation of the Strehl ratio computed on H-band images from the scientific camera, or in replay mode using on-sky AO telemetry recorded in 2019 July on the CANARY instrument.
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https://hal-iogs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03169410
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Submitted on : Monday, April 19, 2021 - 4:11:57 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:34:04 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 7:10:11 PM

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Baptiste Sinquin, Léonard Prengère, Caroline Kulcsár, Henri-François Raynaud, Eric Gendron, et al.. On-sky results for adaptive optics control with data-driven models on low-order modes. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2020, 498 (3), pp.3228-3240. ⟨10.1093/mnras/staa2562⟩. ⟨hal-03169410⟩

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