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Corrosion and hydrogen permeation in H2S environments with O2 contamination – Part 3: the impact of acetate-buffered test solution chemistry

Abstract : This paper highlights the importance of considering the magnitude of acetate (ethanoate) species concentration on corrosion and hydrogen permeation rates, important factors associated with cracking initiation in steels for sour service qualification. Materials selection relies on standards, such as NACE TM0177 and NACE TM0284, which stipulate that oxygen pollution should be avoided during testing in H2S-containing media. The 5% NaCl test solutions in current standards are buffered using acetic acid (CH3COOH)/sodium acetate (CH3COONa) to fix the solution pH over long periods. In this third paper, as part of a series of articles that evaluate how oxygen entry modifies the corrosion of (and hydrogen permeation across) low alloy steel membranes in H2S-containing solutions, we investigate the effect that changing the solution chemistry has through testing X65 steel in different concentrations of acetic acid and sodium acetate in H2S-saturated 5% NaCl solutions, i.e. Solutions A and B (NACE TM0177-2016), and the HLP solution of NACE TM 0284-2016. Increasing the total acetic acid + acetate concentration encourages a higher average X65 corrosion rate and longer-sustained hydrogen charging flux, assigned to the cathodic reaction rate enhancement by acetic acid and the iron solubilizing effects of acetates. Introducing 300 ppb of dissolved oxygen does not push the solution pH outside of the permitted error range but increases average X65 corrosion rates and, again, helps sustain hydrogen permeation flux for longer. Through an evaluation of the surface structure and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy data, this appears to be down to an increase in the permeability and porosity of the troilite FeStroilite dominant scale. The HLP solution (at pH 3.5), with the highest acetic acid and acetate concentration, is the most aggressive. In this electrolyte, an iron sulfide overlayer structure is attained with an oxygen-rich inner layer between the metal substrate and a thick iron sulfide film.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 7, 2021 - 10:14:51 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 10:10:02 AM

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Gaurav Joshi, Martien Duvall Deffo Ayagou, Christophe Mendibide, Thi Tuyet Mai Tran, Bernard Tribollet, et al.. Corrosion and hydrogen permeation in H2S environments with O2 contamination – Part 3: the impact of acetate-buffered test solution chemistry. Corrosion, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 2021, pp.961-975. ⟨10.5006/3805⟩. ⟨hal-03239246⟩

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