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We introduce the Ising Network Opinion Formation (INOF) model and apply it for the analysis of networks of 6 Wikipedia language editions. In the model, Ising spins are placed at network nodes/articles and the steady-state opinion polarization of spins is determined from the Monte Carlo iterations in which a given spin orientation is determined by in-going links from other spins. The main consideration is done for opinion confrontation between {\it capitalism, imperialism} (blue opinion) and {\it socialism, communism} (red opinion). These nodes have fixed spin/opinion orientation while other nodes achieve their steady-state opinions in the process of Monte Carlo iterations. We find that the global network opinion favors {\it socialism, communism} for all 6 editions. The model also determines the opinion preferences for world countries and political leaders, showing good agreement with heuristic expectations. We also present results for opinion competition between {\it Christianity} and {\it Islam}, and USA Democratic and Republican parties. We argue that the INOF approach can find numerous applications for directed complex networks.

Communication complexity quantifies how difficult it is for two distant computers to evaluate a function f(X,Y), where the strings X and Y are distributed to the first and second computer respectively, under the constraint of exchanging as few bits as possible. Surprisingly, some nonlocal boxes, which are resources shared by the two computers, are so powerful that they allow to collapse communication complexity, in the sense that any Boolean function f can be correctly estimated with the exchange of only one bit of communication. The Popescu-Rohrlich (PR) box is an example of such a collapsing resource, but a comprehensive description of the set of collapsing nonlocal boxes remains elusive. In this work, we carry out an algebraic study of the structure of wirings connecting nonlocal boxes, thus defining the notion of the "product of boxes" P⊠Q, and we show related associativity and commutativity results. This gives rise to the notion of the "orbit of a box", unveiling surprising geometrical properties about the alignment and parallelism of distilled boxes. The power of this new framework is that it allows us to prove previously-reported numerical observations concerning the best way to wire consecutive boxes, and to numerically and analytically recover recently-identified noisy PR boxes that collapse communication complexity for different types of noise models.

One of the most fundamental questions in quantum information theory is PPT-entanglement of quantum states, which is an NP-hard problem in general. In this paper, however, we prove that all PPT (π¯¯¯A⊗πB)-invariant quantum states are separable if and only if all extremal unital positive (πB,πA)-covariant maps are decomposable where πA,πB are unitary representations of a compact group and πA is irreducible. Moreover, an extremal unital positive (πB,πA)-covariant map L is decomposable if and only if L is completely positive or completely copositive. We then apply these results to prove that all PPT quantum channels of the form Φ(ρ)=aTr(ρ)dIdd+bρ+cρT+(1−a−b−c)diag(ρ) are entanglement-breaking, and that all A-BC PPT (U⊗U¯¯¯¯⊗U)-invariant tripartite quantum states are A-BC separable. The former strengthens some conclusions in [VW01,KMS20], and the latter provides a strong contrast to the fact that there exist PPT-entangled (U⊗U⊗U)-invariant tripartite Werner states [EW01] and resolves some open questions raised in [COS18].

We study the random transverse field Ising model on a finite Cayley tree. This enables us to probe key questions arising in other important disordered quantum systems, in particular the Anderson transition and the problem of dirty bosons on the Cayley tree, or the emergence of non-ergodic properties in such systems. We numerically investigate this problem building on the cavity mean-field method complemented by state-of-the art finite-size scaling analysis. Our numerics agree very well with analytical results based on an analogy with the traveling wave problem of a branching random walk in the presence of an absorbing wall. Critical properties and finite-size corrections for the zero-temperature paramagnetic-ferromagnetic transition are studied both for constant and algebraically vanishing boundary conditions. In the later case, we reveal a regime which is reminiscent of the non-ergodic delocalized phase observed in other systems, thus shedding some light on critical issues in the context of disordered quantum systems, such as Anderson transitions, the many-body localization or disordered bosons in infinite dimensions.

We study the entanglement entropy of a random tensor network (RTN) using tools from free probability theory. Random tensor networks are simple toy models that help the understanding of the entanglement behavior of a boundary region in the ADS/CFT context. One can think of random tensor networks are specific probabilistic models for tensors having some particular geometry dictated by a graph (or network) structure. We first introduce our model of RTN, obtained by contracting maximally entangled states (corresponding to the edges of the graph) on the tensor product of Gaussian tensors (corresponding to the vertices of the graph). We study the entanglement spectrum of the resulting random spectrum along a given bipartition of the local Hilbert spaces. We provide the limiting eigenvalue distribution of the reduced density operator of the RTN state, in the limit of large local dimension. The limit value is described via a maximum flow optimization problem in a new graph corresponding to the geometry of the RTN and the given bipartition. In the case of series-parallel graphs, we provide an explicit formula for the limiting eigenvalue distribution using classical and free multiplicative convolutions. We discuss the physical implications of our results, allowing us to go beyond the semiclassical regime without any cut assumption, specifically in terms of finite corrections to the average entanglement entropy of the RTN.

## Subjets

Semiclassical
PageRank algorithm
0375-b
2DEAG
Asymmetry
Quantum many-body interaction
Disordered Systems and Neural Networks cond-matdis-nn
Directed networks
Information quantique
Hilbert space
Nonlinearity
Poincare recurrences
CheiRank
Aubry transition
Quantum denoising
Spin
Opinion formation
Model
Quantum denoiser
Plug-and-Play
Random matrix theory
0545Mt
Denoising
FOS Physical sciences
Duality
Decoherence
Wikipedia network
Interférence
Information theory
Critical phenomena
Anderson localization
Covariance
Semi-classique
Statistical description
2DRank algorithm
Ordinateur quantique
Random
Cloning
Social networks
Algebra
Correlation
2DEG
Chaos
Clonage
2DRank
Markov chains
Calcul quantique
International trade
Amplification
6470qj
Super-Resolution
Dark matter
Adaptive transformation
CheiRank algorithm
Quantum chaos
Adaptive signal and image representation
Wikipedia
Mécanique quantique
Husimi function
Many-body problem
Networks
World trade
World trade network
Quantum image processing
Solar System
Community structure
7215Rn
Entropy
Unitarity
Adaptive filters
Random graphs
Wigner crystal
Atom laser
Harper model
Matrix model
Structure
Adaptative denoiser
Complex networks
Toy model
PageRank
Deep learning
Google matrix
Adaptive transform
Algorithmes quantiques
Quantum computation
Quantum information
Numerical calculations
Chaotic systems
Entanglement
Qubit
ADMM
Localization
Fidelity
Quantum mechanics
ANDREAS BLUHM
Dynamical chaos
Chaos quantique
Wikipedia networks
Unfolding
Chaotic dynamics