Screening for Diabetic Retinopathy by Ophthalmologists and Endocrinologists With Pupillary Dilation and a Nonmydriatic Digital Camera

Abstract : Purpose To assess the effects of pupillary dilation on image quality and certitude of screening diabetic retinopathy by trained endocrinologists using a digital nonmydriatic camera. Design Prospective, comparative, observational case series. Methods One hundred fifty patients with diabetes attending a hospital-based photographic screening clinic had five-field (45 degree) digital retinal imaging and mosaic construction, first through dark-adapted pupils, then after a single application of tropicamide 1%. The 600 sets of images (150 patients, 300 eyes, before and after dilation) were graded independently and in a blinded manner by two endocrinologists and two ophthalmologists, with the consensual opinion on dilated images of the latter serving as the gold standard. The criteria of evaluation were assessment of image quality and certitude of detecting and grading retinopathy. Results Of 300 eyes, pharmacological mydriasis improved image quality, with an increase in the number of eyes with five good images from seven to 160 and good-quality mosaics from 99 to 233. Dilation allowed better identification of maculopathy in the second eye because there was a decrease in ungradeable central images from 127 to 15 eyes. Dilation increased the number of eyes having retinopathy detected with certainty from 153 to 252 and graded with certainty from 173 to 277. No adverse effects were recorded. Conclusions Single application of tropicamide 1% significantly improves image quality and certitude of screening diabetic retinopathy with nonmydriatic camera by endocrinologists.
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https://hal-emse.ccsd.cnrs.fr/emse-00446120
Contributeur : Andrée-Aimée Toucas <>
Soumis le : mardi 12 janvier 2010 - 10:15:28
Dernière modification le : mardi 23 octobre 2018 - 14:36:08

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Nilanjana Deb-Joardar, Natacha Germain, Gilles Thuret, Pierre Manoli, Anne-Frédérique Garcin, et al.. Screening for Diabetic Retinopathy by Ophthalmologists and Endocrinologists With Pupillary Dilation and a Nonmydriatic Digital Camera. American Journal of Ophthalmology, Elsevier Masson, 2006, 140 (5), pp.814-821. 〈10.1016/j.ajo.2005.05.051〉. 〈emse-00446120〉

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