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Tests for the Use of La2Mo2O9-based Oxides as Multipurpose SOFC Core Materials

Abstract : The mixed ionic-electronic conductivity under dilute hydrogen, the stability and the catalytic activity under propane:air type mixtures of a series of LAMOX oxide-ion conductors have been studied. The effect of exposure to dilute hydrogen on the conductivity of the -La2(Mo2 - yWy)O9 series at 600 °C depends on tungsten content: almost negligible for the highest (y = 1.4), it is important for La2Mo2O9 (y = 0). In propane:air, all tested LAMOX electrolytes are stable at 600-700 °C, but get reduced when water vapour is present. La2Mo2O9 is the best oxidation catalyst of the series, with an activity comparable to that of nickel.The catalytic activity of other tested LAMOX compounds is much lower, (La1.9Y0.1)Mo2O9 showing a deactivation phenomenon. These results suggest that depending on composition, La2(Mo2 - yWy)O9 compounds could be either electrolytes in single-chamber SOFC and dual-chamber micro-SOFC (y = 1.4) or anode materials in dual-chamber SOFC (low y) or oxidation catalysts in SOFCs operating with propane (y = 0).
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 21, 2010 - 4:43:05 PM
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Julien Jacquens, D. Farrusseng, Samuel Georges, Jean-Paul Viricelle, Cyril Gaudillère, et al.. Tests for the Use of La2Mo2O9-based Oxides as Multipurpose SOFC Core Materials. Fuel Cells, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2010, 10 (3), pp.433-439. ⟨10.1002/fuce.200900099⟩. ⟨emse-00491180⟩



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