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Journal Articles Computers & Industrial Engineering Year : 2013

Genetic algorithm for balancing reconfigurable machining lines


We consider the problem of designing a reconfigurable machining line. Such a line is composed of a sequence of workstations performing specific sets of operations. Each workstation is comprised of several identical CNC machines (machining centers). The line is required to satisfy the given precedence order, inclusion, exclusion and accessibility constraints on the given set of operations. Inclusion and exclusion are zoning constraints which oblige or forbid certain operations to be performed on the same workstation. The accessibility constraints imply that each operation has a set of possible part positions under which it can be performed. All the operations performed on the same workstation must have a common part position. Workstation times are computed taking into account processing and setup times for operations and must not exceed a given bound. The number of CNC machines at one workstation is limited, and the total number of machines must be minimized. A genetic algorithm is proposed. This algorithm is based on the permutation representation of solutions. A heuristic decoder is suggested to construct a solution from a permutation, so that the output solution is feasible w.r.t. precedence, accessibility, cycle time, and exclusion constraints. The other constraints are treated with a penalty approach. For a local improvement of solutions, a mixed integer programming model is suggested for an optimal design of workstations if the order of operations is fixed. The experimental evaluation of the proposed GA on large scale test instances is performed.

Dates and versions

emse-00769634 , version 1 (02-01-2013)



Pavel Borisovsky, Xavier Delorme, Alexandre Dolgui. Genetic algorithm for balancing reconfigurable machining lines. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 2013, Volume 66 (Issue 3), pp.Pages 541-547. ⟨10.1016/j.cie.2012.12.009⟩. ⟨emse-00769634⟩
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