Microwave sintering of pure and TiO2 doped MgAl2O4 ceramic using calibrated, contactless in-situ dilatometry

Abstract : This work describes the development of a contactless dilatometry system for simultaneously measuring the shrinkage and the temperature during microwave sintering of materials in a 2.45 GHz single-mode cavity. An original temperature calibration method has been developed using a monochromatic Infrared pyrometer, taking into account that the apparent emissivity depends on the temperature. Different calibration oxide materials were selected according to their melting points to determine the temperature dependence of the thermal emissivity. This parameter was then used to get the most accurate temperature values over the entire processing temperature range. Afterwards, microwave sintering kinetics and microstructures of pure MgAl2O4 and TiO2-doped spinel material were studied and compared to those of conventionally sintered samples. It was shown that there was no significant difference in the densification behavior of the pure spinet material compared to the conventionally sintered material. On the contrary, the shrinkage curve of the microwave sintered TiO2-doped spinel was found to be shifted to lower temperature compared to the conventional shrinkage curve. This result occurs due to likely species diffusivity enhancement provided by a specific coupling between microwaves and point defects, such as [Ti4+-V-Mg ''] pair dipoles.
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Ceramics International, Elsevier, 2016, 42 (Issue : 15), pp.16997-17003. 〈10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.07.206 〉
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https://hal-emse.ccsd.cnrs.fr/emse-01493294
Contributeur : Géraldine Fournier-Moulin <>
Soumis le : mardi 21 mars 2017 - 11:54:29
Dernière modification le : mercredi 4 juillet 2018 - 01:18:59

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Rodolphe Macaigne, Sylvain Marinel, Dominique Goeuriot, Christophe Meunier, Sébastien Saunier, et al.. Microwave sintering of pure and TiO2 doped MgAl2O4 ceramic using calibrated, contactless in-situ dilatometry . Ceramics International, Elsevier, 2016, 42 (Issue : 15), pp.16997-17003. 〈10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.07.206 〉. 〈emse-01493294〉

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