H. Zhang and J. Senkara, Resistance welding, fundamentals and applications, 2006.

A. A. Griffith, The phenomenon of rupture and flow in solids, Philos T Roy Soc, vol.221, pp.163-98, 1921.

J. R. Rice, A path independant integral and the approximate analysis of strain concentration by notches and cracks, J Appl Mech T ASME, vol.35, pp.379-86, 1968.

. Fig, Experimental results for industrial spot welds. Comparison between CTOA and Cross Tensile Strength (CTS), vol.18

D. Memhard, W. Brocks, and S. Fricke, Characterization of ductile tearing resistance by energy dissipation rate, Fatigue Fract Eng Mater Struct, vol.16, issue.10, pp.1109-1133, 1993.

C. E. Turner, A re-assessment of ductile tearing resistance, Part: I the geometry dependence of J-R curves in fully plastic bending. Part II: Energy dissipation rate and associate R curves on normalized axes, Firraro D, editeur, Fracture behaviour and design of materials and structures, vol.2, 1990.

C. E. Turner and K. , A micro and macro approach to the energy dissipation rate model of stable ductile crack growth, Fatigue Fract Eng Mater Struct, vol.17, issue.9, pp.1089-107, 1994.

Z. F. Li and C. E. Turner, Crack-opening angle and dissipation-rate analysis of R-curves for side grooved pieces of HY130 steel in bending, J Mater Sci, vol.28, issue.21, pp.5922-5952, 1993.

W. Brocks, P. Anuschewski, and D. Hellmann, A concept for scaling JR-curves by plastic constraint factors, Int J Fract, vol.130, issue.1, pp.455-69, 2004.

B. Cotterell and J. K. Reddel, The essential work of plane stress ductile fracture, Int J Fract, vol.13, issue.3, pp.267-77, 1977.

T. Pardoen, Y. Marchal, and F. Delannay, Thickness dependence of cracking resistance in thin aluminium plates, J Mech Phys Solids, vol.47, issue.10, pp.2093-123, 1999.

B. Cotterell, T. Pardoen, and A. G. Atkins, Measuring toughness and the cohesive stress-displacement relationship by the essential work of fracture concept, Eng Fract Mech, vol.72, issue.6, pp.827-875, 2005.

J. Newman, A. James, and U. Zerbst, A review of the CTOA/CTOD fracture criterion, Eng Fract Mech, vol.70, issue.3-4, pp.371-85, 2003.

J. Heerens and M. Schödel, Characterization of stable crack extension in aluminium sheet material using the crack tip opening angle determined optically and by the [delta]5 clip gauge technique, Eng Fract Mech, vol.76, issue.1, pp.101-114, 2009.

C. F. Shih, H. G. De-lorenzi, and W. R. Andrews, Studies on crack initiation and stable crack growth, ASTM STP, vol.668, pp.65-120, 1979.

M. F. Kanninen, E. F. Rybicki, R. B. Stonesifer, D. Broek, A. R. Rosenfield et al., Elastic-plastic fracture mechanics for two dimensional stable crack growth and instability problems, ASTM STP, vol.668, pp.121-50, 1979.

J. C. Newman, An elastic-plastic finite element analysis of crack initiation, stable crack growth, and instability, ASTM, vol.833, pp.93-117, 1984.

J. C. Newman, K. N. Shivakumar, and D. E. Mccabe, Finite element fracture simulation of A533B steel sheet specimens, Defect assessment in components fundamentals and applications, pp.117-143, 1991.

M. A. Sutton, J. D. Helm, and M. L. Boone, Experimental study of crack growth in thin sheet 2024-T3 aluminum under tension-torsion loading, Int J Fract, vol.109, issue.3, pp.285-301, 2001.

A. G. Atkins, Z. Chen, and B. Cotterell, The essential work of fracture and JR curves for the double cantilever beam specimen: an examination of elastoplastic crack propagation, Proc Roy Soc Lond A Mater, vol.454, pp.815-848, 1971.

D. S. Dugdale, Yielding of steel sheets containing slits, J Mech Phys Solids, vol.8, issue.2, pp.100-104, 1960.

G. I. Barenblatt, The mathematical theory of equilibrium cracks in brittle fracture, Adv Appl Mech, vol.7, pp.55-129, 1962.

B. Zhou, M. D. Thouless, and S. M. Ward, Predicting the failure of ultrasonic spot welds by pull-out from sheet metal, Int J Solids Struct, vol.43, pp.7482-500, 2006.

R. Lacroix, A. Lens, G. Kermouche, J. M. Bergheau, and H. Klocker, Determination of CTOA in the molten material of spot welds using the digital image correlation technique Eng, Fract Mech, vol.86, pp.48-53, 2012.

M. Dancette, T. Dupuy, A. Lens, N. B. Oultit, V. Massardier et al., An investigation of failure types in high-strength steel resistance spot, Weld World, vol.54, issue.3-4, pp.1-14, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00854233

G. R. Payen, H. Klocker, A. Lens, D. S. Wilkinson, and J. D. Embury, Design of an in situ mechanical test for spot-welded joints, Eng Fract Mech, vol.96, pp.528-566, 2012.