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Journal Articles International Journal of Material Forming Year : 2018

Specific features of flax fibres used to manufacture composite materials

Abstract

The use of composite materials reinforced by flax fibres has been increasing steadily over the last 20 years. These fibres show attractive mechanical properties but also some particularities (naturally limited length, presence of a lumen, fibres grouped in bundles in the plant, complex surface properties and composition). An analysis of the available literature indicates that the quality of the composite materials studied is not always optimal (high porosity, incomplete impregnation, heterogeneous microstructure, variable fibre orientation). This paper reviews published data on the specific nature of flax fibres with respect to manufacturing of biocomposites (defined here as polymers reinforced by natural fibres). All the important steps in the process which influence final properties are analyzed, including the plant development, retting, fibre extraction, fibre treatment, preform preparation, available manufacturing processes, the impregnation step, fibre cell wall changes during processing and fibre/matrix adhesion. © 2018, Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature.

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Materials
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Dates and versions

emse-02015952 , version 1 (05-02-2024)

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Christophe Baley, Moussa Gomina, Joël Bréard, Alain Bourmaud, Sylvain Drapier, et al.. Specific features of flax fibres used to manufacture composite materials. International Journal of Material Forming, 2018, 12, pp.1023-1052. ⟨10.1007/s12289-018-1455-y⟩. ⟨emse-02015952⟩
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