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Conference Papers Year : 2019

UO2 corrosion by liquid sodium


In some of the currently developed Sodium Fast Reactor (SFR) designs the core configuration will berearranged to include internal spent fuel storage positions, with the benefit of avoiding an externalsodium pool. However, in-vessel storage of failed fuel pins can lead to a direct contact betweencoolant and fuel, i.e. in a scenario where the cladding was breached, leading to their potential inter-action in case of oxide based fuel forms (UO2 and MOX). The reaction product of sodium and oxidefuel is generally denoted as Na3MO4 (where M=U, Pu), and characterized by unfavorable physical properties, which might result in fuel swelling and/or pulverization, with the consequence of fissileisotopes or fission products dissemination into the primary system. The understanding of the corro-sion mechanism and kinetics between liquid sodium and oxide based nuclear fuel becomes then ofprior importance for establishing the feasibility of an internal storage of failed fuel pins.In this contribution, we will present the results of out-of-pile tests that we perform to provide a basicknowledge of defective fuel pin behavior in contact with liquid sodium. With the aim to determinethe physical mechanism involved in the sodium-fuel reaction, we firstly focused on the behavior of UO2 corrosion by sodium.In order to cover the internal storage scenario, isothermal experiments were performed inside cap-sules with stagnant liquid sodium and UO2 at 800°C. To establish the influence of the grain orienta-tion on the growth process of the reaction product, well-oriented (<111> and <001>) single crystalswere used and finally to extend the behavior to the fuel pellet, a polycrystalline UO2 sample wastested as well. The corrosion product was analyzed by XRD, SEM-EDX and RAMAN. It consists ina homogeneous layer, whose morphology depends on the crystallographic orientation of the UO2 corroded grain or single crystal. However, the thickness of the corrosion layer does not seem todepend on the crystallographic orientation of the UO2 corroded grain that was unexpected.A tentative interpretation of UO2 corrosion by sodium is proposed. This interpretation will be usedfor further study on the modelling of MOX-sodium interaction. There the influence of Pu on the corrosion process will be addressed and added to the UO2-Na model.
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emse-02904095 , version 1 (21-07-2020)


  • HAL Id : emse-02904095 , version 1


Concettina Andrello, Loïc Favergeon, Daniel Freis, Lionel Desgranges. UO2 corrosion by liquid sodium. NuFuel-MMNSF 2019 Workshop, PSI - Paul Scherrer Institut (Suisse); ENEA - Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (Italie); INL - Idaho National Laboratory INL (Etat-Unis), Nov 2019, Zurich, Switzerland. ⟨emse-02904095⟩
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