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Elaboration of a hydrogeological conceptual model by application of electrical resistivity tomography: Case of the Lobo catchment (Centre-Western Côte d'Ivoire)

Abstract : Drinking water supply in the Lobo catchment is based mainly on surface water. In recent years, the adverse effects of climate change and strong population growth have led to increasing uncertainty about the availability of surface water and growing interest in groundwater in this region. Therefore, to ensure sustainable management of this resource, it is necessary to characterise and understand this groundwater system. This characterization requires knowledge of the geometry and structure of this aquifer system, which is a prerequisite for ensuring future water supply from groundwater resources. This aquifer system, which is the subject of this study, has never been the subject of a study aimed at characterising it and getting to know it better.This study aims to improve the knowledge of this aquifer system by elaborating the geometry of this aquifer system through the study of drilling data and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT). The results show that weathering of the granitic rocks in the Lobo catchment leads to the development of composite aquifers at two levels: a shallow saprolite aquifer overlies in places by a thick layer of ferruginous crust, and a deeper and very thick fractured aquifer. This shallow weathering aquifer, fed directly by precipitation, is tapped by conventional large diameter wells that are generally not immune to seasonal fluctuations. For sustainable management of this resource, an assessment of its recharge should be undertaken in addition to this study of the geometry of this aquifer system. The results of this study of the geometry of the Lobo catchment aquifer system improved the understanding of this aquifer system and will assist in groundwater exploration in this area.
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https://hal-emse.ccsd.cnrs.fr/emse-03690580
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 8, 2022 - 1:05:59 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 10, 2022 - 3:07:49 AM

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Jean Olivier Kouadio Kouamé, Jules Mangoua Oi Mangoua, Abe Parfait Sombo, Frédéric Paran, Brou Dibi, et al.. Elaboration of a hydrogeological conceptual model by application of electrical resistivity tomography: Case of the Lobo catchment (Centre-Western Côte d'Ivoire). Scientific African, Elsevier, In press, pp.e01234. ⟨10.1016/j.sciaf.2022.e01234⟩. ⟨emse-03690580⟩

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