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Journal Articles Resources, Conservation and Recycling Year : 2022

Closing the upcoming EU gypsum gap with phosphogypsum

Hamid Mazouz
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Horst Schmidt
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Rainer Seeling
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The EU Renewable Energy Directive with climate and energy goals does not leave room for coal-burning power plants that currently contribute approximately 17 million t of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) gypsum to EU manufacturers that require a total of 57 million t of gypsum per year (EU, 2020). It is also unlikely that natural gypsum production in the EU can be significantly increased in the near-term. Unlike other critical raw materials (CRMs) such as rare earth elements (REEs) that constitute a relatively small volume and can be imported over long-distances, such practice is not economically feasible for this relatively inexpensive (per weight) bulk-commodity used in large quantities. Transport costs for natural gypsum easily surpass the product value, so that imports would measurably increase prices for construction in the EU and affect millions.
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emse-03876145 , version 1 (28-11-2022)



Nils Haneklaus, Sofia Barbossa, M. Dolores Basallote, Martin Bertau, Essaid Bilal, et al.. Closing the upcoming EU gypsum gap with phosphogypsum. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2022, 182, pp.106328. ⟨10.1016/j.resconrec.2022.106328⟩. ⟨emse-03876145⟩
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