Atomic Force Microscopy Stiffness Mapping in Human Aortic Smooth Muscle Cells - Mines Saint-Étienne Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Biomechanical Engineering Year : 2023

Atomic Force Microscopy Stiffness Mapping in Human Aortic Smooth Muscle Cells

Abstract

Aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs) play a vital role in maintaining mechanical homeostasis in the aorta. We recently found that SMCs of aneurysmal aortas apply larger traction forces than SMCs of healthy aortas. This result was explained by the significant increase of hypertrophic SMCs abundance in aneurysms. In this study, we investigate whether the cytoskeleton stiffness of SMCs may also be altered in aneurysmal aortas. For that, we use atomic force microscopy (AFM) nano-indentation with a specific mode that allows subcellular-resolution mapping of the local stiffness across a specified region of interest of the cell. Aortic SMCs from a commercial human lineage (AoSMCs, Lonza) and primary aneurysmal SMCs (AnevSMCs) are cultured in conditions promoting the development of their contractile apparatus, and seeded on hydrogels with stiffness properties of 12 kPa and 25 kPa. Results show that all SMCs exhibit globally a lognormal stiffness distribution, with medians in the range 10–30 kPa. The mean of stiffness distributions is 16 kPa in aneurysmal SMCs and 12 kPa in healthy cells, but the differences are not statistically significant due to the large dispersion of AFM nano-indentation stiffness. We conclude that the possible alterations previously found in aneurysmal SMCs do not affect significantly the AFM nano-indentation stiffness of their cytoskeleton.
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emse-04106617 , version 1 (25-05-2023)

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Claudie Petit, Ali-Akbar Karkhaneh Yousefi, Marine Guilbot, Vincent Barnier, Stéphane Avril, et al.. Atomic Force Microscopy Stiffness Mapping in Human Aortic Smooth Muscle Cells. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 2023, 144 (8), pp.081001. ⟨10.1115/1.4053657⟩. ⟨emse-04106617⟩
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