T-REX: Numerical tool for tungsten damage assessment for DEMO - Mines Saint-Étienne Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Nuclear Materials Year : 2022

T-REX: Numerical tool for tungsten damage assessment for DEMO


One of the R&D focus in the European fusion energy program is to establish a physical and technological basis for reliable power exhaust during entire operational situations of a DEMOstrational power plant. Following the design adopted for ITER, the baseline Plasma Facing Component for DEMO divertor is made of tungsten as armor material. The tungsten divertor target are the most thermally loaded in-vessel components in fusion reactor. The PFCs lifetime is affected by material degradations under the different loadings including High Heat Flux (HHF) and neutron irradiation. It has been reported a loss of mechanical properties due to softening (restoration/recrystallization). Latest finite element modeling developments allow to estimate component lifetime under HHF loading taking into account the progressive mechanical properties change due to softening. We propose here to take into account the influence of thermal and neutron loadings on the tungsten mechanical properties change for PFC lifetime assessment. For this, up to date mechanical properties of tungsten, softened tungsten, and neutron-irradiated tungsten are used as input data in the tool named T-REX (for Tungsten-Response based on EXperimental data). This tool is implemented as a user subroutine in a finite elements code. The influence of the neutron irradiation is studied as function of the dpa dose, the incident heat flux intensity and the current defined divertor component geometries (ITER and DEMO). With the study performed, it is shown that the geometry may be optimized to reduce the damage induced by plasticity. The numerical results also highlights that the plastic strain increment obtained after each thermal cycle reduces with the dpa dose.
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emse-04585050 , version 1 (23-05-2024)



Alan Durif, Marianne Richou, Jean-Michel Bergheau, Laurent Gallais, Guillaume Kermouche, et al.. T-REX: Numerical tool for tungsten damage assessment for DEMO. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 2022, 569, pp.153906. ⟨10.1016/j.jnucmat.2022.153906⟩. ⟨emse-04585050⟩
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