Développement d’une pile à combustible à oxyde solide de type monochambre fonctionnant sous mélange air/méthane

Abstract : This study is devoted to the development of a single-chamber solid oxide fuel cell. Contrary to a conventional solid oxide fuel cell, a single chamber fuel cell works under a hydrocarbon/air mixture with no more sealing needed. The working principle of this device is based on the difference of catalytic activity between the anode and the cathode: the anode must be selective to hydrocarbon oxidation and the cathode to oxygen reduction. With single-chamber geometry, chemical stability of materials has to be taken into account under hydrocarbon/air mixture at high temperature.The goal of this work is to optimize the performances of a single-chamber cell working under methane/oxygen mixture and to improve this device comprehension.Each part of the cell (electrolyte, anode, cathode) was characterized under methane/oxygen mixture. Four cathode materials (LSM, BSCF, SSC, LSCF) were compared regarding their catalytic activity, stability, electrical conductivity and polarization resistance. The catalytic activity of the anode was studied in order to identify the chemical reactions happening. A study of electrolyte supported cells showed that LSCF material is the most suitable cathode. Furthermore, this study showed that the electrolyte was too thick; the anode supported configuration was studied. The first anode supported cell showed an inhomogeneous anode and a porous electrolyte. From that, a study of the homogeneity of the anode and the densification of the electrolyte was performed. A maximum power density of 160mW.cm-2 was obtained by optimizing the working conditions of the cells (temperature and CH4/O2 ratio).
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Damien Rembelski. Développement d’une pile à combustible à oxyde solide de type monochambre fonctionnant sous mélange air/méthane. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012EMSE0679⟩. ⟨tel-00789963⟩

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