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Conference Papers Year : 2023

Dually Computable Cryptographic Accumulators and Their Application to Attribute Based Encryption

Abstract

In 1993, Benaloh and De Mare introduced cryptographic accumulator, a primitive that allows the representation of a set of values by a short object (the accumulator) and offers the possibility to prove that some input values are in the accumulator. For this purpose, so-called asymmetric accumulators require the creation of an additional cryptographic object, called a witness. Through the years, several instantiations of accumulators were proposed either based on number theoretic assumptions, hash functions, bilinear pairings or more recently lattices. In this work, we present the first instantiation of an asymmetric cryptographic accumulator that allows private computation of the accumulator but public witness creation. This is obtained thanks to our unique combination of the pairing based accumulator of Nguyen with dual pairing vector spaces. We moreover introduce the new concept of dually computable cryptographic accumulators, in which we offer two ways to compute the representation of a set: either privately (using a dedicated secret key) or publicly (using only the scheme's public key), while there is a unique witness creation for both cases. All our constructions of accumulators have constant size accumulated value and witness, and satisfy the accumulator security property of collision resistance, meaning that it is not possible to forge a witness for an element that is not in the accumulated set. As a second contribution, we show how our new concept of dually computable cryptographic accumulator can be used to build a Ciphertext Policy Attribute Based Encryption (CP-ABE). Our resulting scheme permits policies expressed as disjunctions of conjunctions (without "NO" gates), and is adaptively secure in the standard model. This is the first CP-ABE scheme having both constant-size user secret keys and ciphertexts (i.e. independent of the number of attributes in the scheme, or the policy size). For the first time, we provide a way to use cryptographic accumulators for both key management and encryption process.
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Dates and versions

hal-04271645 , version 1 (06-11-2023)

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Anaïs Barthoulot, Olivier Blazy, Sébastien Canard. Dually Computable Cryptographic Accumulators and Their Application to Attribute Based Encryption. CANS 2023 - Cryptology and Network Security, Oct 2023, Augusta, United States. pp.538-562, ⟨10.1007/978-981-99-7563-1_24⟩. ⟨hal-04271645⟩
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