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Collagen suprafibrillar confinement drives the activity of acidic calcium-binding polymers on apatite mineralization

Abstract : Bone collagenous extracellular matrix provides a confined environment into which apatite crystals form. This biomineralization process is related to a cascade of events partly controlled by noncollagenous proteins. Although overlooked in bone models, concentration and physical environment influence their activities. Here, we show that collagen suprafibrillar confinement in bone comprising intra- and interfibrillar spaces drives the activity of biomimetic acidic calcium-binding polymers on apatite mineralization. The difference in mineralization between an entrapping dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP1) recombinant peptide (rpDMP1) and the synthetic polyaspartate validates the specificity of the 57-KD fragment of DMP1 in the regulation of mineralization, but strikingly without phosphorylation. We show that all the identified functions of rpDMP1 are dedicated to preclude pathological mineralization. Interestingly, transient apatite phases are only found using a high nonphysiological concentration of additives. The possibility to combine biomimetic concentration of both collagen and additives ensures specific chemical interactions and offers perspectives for understanding the role of bone components in mineralization.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 14, 2021 - 3:22:43 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 3, 2021 - 11:43:34 AM
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Jérémie Silvent, Marc Robin, Camila Tovani, Yan Wang, Fabrice Soncin, et al.. Collagen suprafibrillar confinement drives the activity of acidic calcium-binding polymers on apatite mineralization. Biomacromolecules, American Chemical Society, 2021, 22 (7), pp.2802-2814. ⟨10.1021/acs.biomac.1c00206⟩. ⟨hal-03259914⟩

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