Investigation of the use of topographic data derived from Pléiades imagery for high-resolution hillslope-scale morphometry - Réseau télédétection INRAE Access content directly
Journal Articles Geomorphology Year : 2024

Investigation of the use of topographic data derived from Pléiades imagery for high-resolution hillslope-scale morphometry

Abstract

Obtaining accurate representations of the Earth surface topography is paramount in many geomorphological investigations. While regional scale studies use Digital Elevation Models (DEM) with resolution of the order of 10-100 m, in many applications resolution <5 m are mandatory to appropriately represent landforms and processes of interest. In particular, hillslopes, which cover the most of continental surfaces, have typical length of the order of 100 m. For that reason, high resolution topographic data are mandatory to correctly represent their morphology. The massive use of higher resolution topographic data has been enabled by a vast array of methodological developments, among which terrestrial and airborne Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) or uncrewed aerial vehicle-based photogrammetric approaches are the most commonly used. However, such techniques might be difficult to deploy and not cost-effective, to cover large areas in remote locations. In this study, we present an exploration of the potential of topographic data derived from Pléiades imagery for the characterizing hillslope morphology. We focus on the Gabilan Mesa area in California, where a LiDAR DEM is available and is used as a benchmark. We systematically compare Pléiades-derived topographic data with the DEM constructed from LiDAR data, starting from simple elevation analysis and then using topographic derivatives, such as slope or curvature, which are commonly used in morphometric studies. Finally, we take advantage of the high resolution of the datasets to extract and compare hillslope-scale morphometric parameters, such as length, relief, or hilltop curvature. While some particular situations, such as planar and horizontal surfaces, requires specific attention in terms of the relative differences between the two type of data, the absolute values for the metrics are in good agreement over their relevant range of utilization for hillslope-scale geomorphology.
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Sunday, December 1, 2024
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Sunday, December 1, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04597243 , version 1 (02-06-2024)

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Victor Pellegrino, Vincent Godard, Jules Fleury. Investigation of the use of topographic data derived from Pléiades imagery for high-resolution hillslope-scale morphometry. Geomorphology, 2024, 454, pp.109162. ⟨10.1016/j.geomorph.2024.109162⟩. ⟨hal-04597243⟩
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