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Influence of oxygen concentration in the carrier gas on the response of tin dioxide sensors under hydrogen and methane

Abstract : A SnO2 sensor has been tested under hydrogen or methane pollutant gases with varying the oxygen concentration in the supporting gas (nitrogen). The oxidation reactivity of the SnO2 material has been evaluated by the use of a hygrometer, which in the dynamic flow system beyond the sensor cell, measures the water evolved when the H2 (or CH4)/SnO2 interaction takes place. The results, expressed by the electrical response as a function of oxygen and hydrogen (or methane) concentrations, give information about the detection mechanism. For hydrogen gas detection, two different processes seem to occur, an adsorption-reaction mechanism when the oxygen concentration is high in comparison with the hydrogen one and an electrochemical response in the reverse case. For methane gas, the sensor response mechanism is probably independent over the range of oxygen and methane concentrations investigated.
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https://hal-emse.ccsd.cnrs.fr/emse-00432792
Contributor : Andrée-Aimée Toucas <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 17, 2009 - 12:05:12 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 24, 2020 - 4:18:29 PM

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Guy Tournier, Christophe Pijolat. Influence of oxygen concentration in the carrier gas on the response of tin dioxide sensors under hydrogen and methane. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Elsevier, 1999, 61 (1-3), pp.43-50. ⟨10.1016/S0925-4005(99)00278-6⟩. ⟨emse-00432792⟩

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