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Modélisation et simulation de la gestion et du traitement des déchets ménagers

Abstract : The management of household waste is evolving rapidly under the regulatory pressure, which was initiated in France by the 1992 law. Traditionally based on standard collections and landfilling, it now involves new treatment techniques such as incineration, recycling or composting. When adapting their waste management system, local communities are facing difficult decisions. Choices have to be made regarding the treatment techniques and waste collection schemes. But it is often difficult to evaluate the technical, environmental and financial consequences of these choices. For that reason, a computer simulation system was developed at the Ecole nationale supérieure des mines de Saint-Etienne. Its main features are presented together with examples of simulation results. Among the situations that can lead to the use of this computer tool we can mention the comparison of different treatment scenarios on a financial or environmental basis or the assessment of decisions such as the union of waste treatment syndicates. The proposed model is based on the combination of individual models of treatment units and of mater and money fluxes. Each of these models has to be chosen according to the simulation goals in a database which can be increased with time to better reflect the diversity of situations.
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Bruno Debray. Modélisation et simulation de la gestion et du traitement des déchets ménagers. Environnement, Ingénierie & Développement, Episciences, 2002, N°27 - 3ème Trimestre 2002, pp.3-8. ⟨10.4267/dechets-sciences-techniques.2378⟩. ⟨emse-00725996⟩



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