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Capillary wicking in a fibrous reinforcement - Orthotropic issues to determine the capillary pressure components

Abstract : Capillary pressure effect is one of the most critical issues to understand void formation mechanisms in LCM processes. However characterisation of capillary pressure exhibits complex phenomena controlling directional flow at several scales of observation. In the present study a new definition of capillary pressure PcapPcap and an experimental technique to determine it are described. Wicking tests at the scale of the fabric have been carried out with a tensiometric technique. A good agreement with the Washburn equation has been shown and an equivalence with Darcy law has been proposed. This technique was extended to the measurement of capillary pressure in the three principal directions on a classical quasi-UD carbon fabric. This first approach performed with test liquids (water), will be conducted on other reinforcements and fluids to be more relevant with the final application: LCM processes.
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https://hal-emse.ccsd.cnrs.fr/emse-01353516
Contributor : Géraldine Fournier-Moulin <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 11, 2016 - 5:47:57 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 24, 2020 - 4:19:10 PM

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Monica Francesca Pucci, Pierre-Jacques Liotier, Sylvain Drapier. Capillary wicking in a fibrous reinforcement - Orthotropic issues to determine the capillary pressure components. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Elsevier, 2015, 77, pp.133-141. ⟨10.1016/j.compositesa.2015.05.031⟩. ⟨emse-01353516⟩

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