Experimental and thermodynamic modeling of Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> corundum and TiO<sub>2</sub> rutile structures forming on Ti-6Al-4V powder during oxidation - Mines Saint-Étienne Access content directly
Journal Articles Acta Materialia Year : 2023

Experimental and thermodynamic modeling of Al2O3 corundum and TiO2 rutile structures forming on Ti-6Al-4V powder during oxidation

Abstract

The high affinity of Ti-6Al-4 V (Ti64) powder to oxygen impacts the quality of the powder during additive manufacturing. The oxide scale consists of a double layer with α-Al2O3 in the outer part and TiO2 in the inner one. Experimental and thermodynamic results are used to further understand the formation of these two oxide layers. Inert marker revealed the anionic growth of the duplex oxide scale. The thermodynamic results highlighted that interstitial aluminum enters and diffuses fast within TiO2 (rutile) to form Al2O3 as the surface layer. Moreover, α-Al2O3 is considered as a non-stoichiometric oxide with a very small excess of oxygen as dumbbells at high partial pressures of oxygen. A remarkable effect of the impurities on the concentration of native point defects is observed in this phase. Finally, a reactional mechanism with elementary steps for the oxidation of Ti64 powder is proposed.
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emse-04439150 , version 1 (05-02-2024)

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Mohamad Mahdi Siblani, Maelig Ollivier, Loïc Favergeon, P. Chartrand. Experimental and thermodynamic modeling of Al2O3 corundum and TiO2 rutile structures forming on Ti-6Al-4V powder during oxidation. Acta Materialia, 2023, 256, pp.119037. ⟨10.1016/j.actamat.2023.119037⟩. ⟨emse-04439150⟩
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