Effect of HPO<sub>4</sub><sup>2</sup>− and brushite on gypsum reactivity and implications for utilization of phosphogypsum in plaster production - Mines Saint-Étienne Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Cleaner Production Year : 2024

Effect of HPO42− and brushite on gypsum reactivity and implications for utilization of phosphogypsum in plaster production

Abstract

The implementation of a sustainable development strategy holds the potential to enhance productivity, profitability, and overall efficiency by leveraging by-products from other industries. In plaster manufacturing the substitution of natural gypsum with synthetic gypsum is worth exploring. Phosphogypsum (PG) represents a significant fraction of synthetic gypsum production, arising as a by-product of phosphoric acid manufacturing. However, the presence of impurities in PG, particularly phosphorus, poses challenges to its use as a plaster material. To identify the phases present in PG, quantify their occurrences and understand their effects on dehydration and hydration processes, our study aimed to examine simplified models. These models are specifically designed to provide insights into the underlying mechanisms governing the hydration reactivity of hemihydrate. Pure gypsum and brushite were synthesized, and mechanical mixing was carried out to explore how brushite affects the characteristics of gypsum. Additionally, a solid solution of Ca(SO4)1-x(HPO4)x·2H2O, where 0 < x < 1, was prepared to characterize and quantify the syncrystallized HPO42− as well as the effects of this impurity on typical gypsum use cases. The synthesized materials underwent physical and chemical characterization using SEM, XRD, IR spectroscopy, DSC, pH and conductivity measurements, and ion chromatography. The results demonstrated that the HPO42− ions can substitute for sulfate ions in gypsum to form solid solutions. The maximum quantity of HPO42− ions in the gypsum lattice is approximately 10%, leading to the crystallization of gypsum into sand rose shape rather than needle crystals. As the concentration of HPO42− ions increases, a new phase known as ardealite (Ca(SO4)1-x(HPO4)x·2H2O) with 0.42 < x < 0.54 emerges, followed by brushite (CaHPO4·2H2O). During the calcination of brushite at 160 °C, a mixture of brushite and monetite formed that exhibits different properties compared to its natural counterpart. In the presence of syncrystallized HPO42− ions, the transformation from anhydrite III to anhydrite II occurred at higher temperatures than for pure gypsum. The reactivity of calcined samples indicate that HPO42− ions from the dehydration products of brushite caused a delay in hydration, with the maximum delay observed at a calcination temperature of 160 °C. At this temperature, monetite begins to crystallize, and it is characterized by its inert nature, exhibiting no reactivity with water. This explains the observed decrease in setting times as the calcination temperature rises. Moreover, syncrystallized HPO42− ions induced a significant delay in the hydration process. Our research revealed that adjusting the calcination temperature can mitigate the retarding effect associated with this impurity, suggesting an industrial tendency to use the lowest possible temperature during the calcination process of PG containing syncrystallized phosphate impurity. In addition, we have observed that adjusting the pH of the mixing water to lower values can significantly accelerate setting times.
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emse-04582912 , version 1 (22-05-2024)

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Hajar Bellefqih, Véronique Bourgier, Essaid Bilal, Delia-Georgeta Dumitraş, Stefan Marincea, et al.. Effect of HPO42− and brushite on gypsum reactivity and implications for utilization of phosphogypsum in plaster production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2024, 451, pp.142013. ⟨10.1016/j.jclepro.2024.142013⟩. ⟨emse-04582912⟩
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