Novel Co 20 Cr 15 Fe 26 Mn 17 Ni 22 ultra-fine grained high-entropy alloy - Mines Saint-Étienne Access content directly
Conference Poster Year : 2016

Novel Co 20 Cr 15 Fe 26 Mn 17 Ni 22 ultra-fine grained high-entropy alloy


In a non-equiatomic HEA from CoCrFeMnNi family, so-called A3S® alloy (austenitic superstainless steel), exceptional mechanical properties are observed. High yield strength (800 MPa) associated with significant elongation to fracture (35 %) and a stable austenitic paramagnetic structure (down to LN2 temperature) may be obtained in hot forged materials. Mechanical resistance (YS) of A3S is at least 200 MPa higher than that measured in equiatomic alloy (EA) of the same family. These properties come from a nanostructure, easily formed in the material after classical hot thermomechanical treatment (forging). Yet, mechanical resistance of A3S decreases strongly after a post-forging high temperature annealing: in this state, identical behaviors of A3S and EA are noticed. Effects of thermal conditions of forging and recrystallization annealing have been investigated in A3S. Only slight effect of temperature of forging (between 900 and 1100°C) has been shown. Surprising effects of recrystallization annealing have been found. Low temperature (up to 600°C for 48h) treatment leads to recrystallization with formation of fine (1 µm) grains. At higher temperatures (700-1100°C), recrystallization is blocked: only recovery followed by grain growth and formation of numerous twins is observed. Moreover, in this state, very high density of dislocations is conserved: they present ordered configurations with alignments in {111} planes. Formation of twins has major effect on mechanical behavior of both A3S and EA. Their absence stabilizes nanostructures and leads to high YS values while decrease of YS is accompanied by twins presence. Relative difficulty to form these defects in A3S (as compared to EA) is explained by high value of stacking fault energy, evaluated from TEM measurements of dislocations dissociation. Moreover, strong dependence of SFE on temperature has been shown: its lower value at high temperatures is in agreement with numerous twins observed.
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emse-01384988 , version 1 (20-10-2016)


  • HAL Id : emse-01384988 , version 1


Michal Mroz, Anna Fraczkiewicz, Andras Borbely. Novel Co 20 Cr 15 Fe 26 Mn 17 Ni 22 ultra-fine grained high-entropy alloy . Ecole thématique Métallurgie Mécanique, Oct 2016, Porquerolles, France. 2016. ⟨emse-01384988⟩
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